Congenital Hypothyroidism usually results when a baby is born without a thyroid gland, but there are many other causes of this disorder. Congenital Hypothyroidism is treated the same as hypothyroidism in adults with thyroid replacement hormone, thyroxine. It is crucial for these babies to be diagnosed within a few days of birth by a newborn screening (heel prick) test as any delay can lead to loss of IQ. As babies grow, monitoring is necessary to adjust thyroxine dosage and to monitor growth and development.
Children who have been diagnosed with Congenital Hypothyroidism are treated by a Paediatric Endocrinologist with regular monitoring and testing through their developing years.