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Thyroid Conditions

 

Thyroiditis

Hashimoto’s Disease usually causes hypothyroid symptoms, however it is possible for Hashimoto symptoms to swing between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Treatment for hypothyroidism is Thyroxine replacement therapy.

Thyroid Eye Disease (TED)

Thyroid Eye Disease (TED) is an auto-immune disease associated with Graves’ Disease and is the most common cause of Thyroid Eye Disease (TED).  Inflammation of the orbital tissues and the extraocular muscles is responsible for the disorder.

Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer develops when thyroid cells divide in an abnormal way into one of the four types of thyroid cancer – Papillary, Follicular, Medullary and Anaplastic.

Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid)

Hypothyroidism/Underactive Thyroid is more common in women than men, with estimates that 10 times more women than men are affected. Hypothyroidism is usually gradually progressive with symptoms increasing as thyroid function deteriorates. 

Graves' Disease/Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism, or Graves’ Disease, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. It is triggered by the immune system producing antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland to increase the size of the gland and produce excessive amounts of thyroid hormone.

Congenital Hyperthyroidism

Congenital Hypothyroidism usually results when a baby is born without a thyroid gland, but there are many other causes of this disorder.

Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid Nodules are lumps in the Thyroid Gland.  In most cases nodules will be benign. However 1 in 10 may be malignant (cancerous). Nodules may be either a “Single Nodule” or in clusters, often referred to as “Multi-Nodular Goitre".

Autoimmune Disease

Autoimmune Thyroid Disease is a genetic predisposition, which runs in families but can skip one or more generations and affects more women than men. When Autoimmune Disease is diagnosed, a patient can be affected with more than one symptom.

Iodine Deficiency

Iodine Deficiency is the commonest worldwide cause of thyroid disorders.  A low iodine diet can cause hypothyroidism, an enlarged thyroid gland (goitre) and can affect fertility

Parathyroid Gland

Exposure to Radiation at a young age from dental x-rays, other forms of x-rays are the main causes in Australia of radiation exposure which can affect the function of the thyroid gland.  

Exposure to Radiation

Exposure to Radiation at a young age from dental x-rays, other forms of x-rays are the main causes in Australia of radiation exposure which can affect the function of the thyroid gland.

 

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