Dialog Box


Known Treatments

Radioactive Iodine Treatment (Thyroid Ablation)

Radioactive Iodine Treatment (RAI) is usually recommended for patients who have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer and have recently had a thyroidectomy to remove the cancer. This RAI Treatment is called thyroid ablation. The patient will be admitted to a RAI Treatment Room in hospital to undergo this treatment. The patient will be given a RAI tablet to swallow. The tablet is used to kill off any remaining cancerous cells in the body.

The patient may also be given a man-made recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH). This hormone helps cells take up the radioactive iodine substance. The radio-active substance absorbs and then targets thyroid cancer cells. Thyroid cells absorb iodine and the radiation destroys any remaining cells.

The patient will remain in hospital for at least 3 days during treatment.

Radioactive Iodine Therapy

This treatment is given to patients who still have thyroid cancer cells remaining in their body. The specialist doctor will determine when the patient should undergo the treatment.

Man-made recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone (rhTSH) can also be given before this treatment.

Things to Know:

  • Patients are isolated during both treatments in a specially designed lead-lined RAI Treatment Room.
  • Pregnant Women and Children are Restricted from Visiting.
  • Other visitors must only stay for a very short period and stand a certain distance from the patient.
  • On leaving hospital, patients need to take extra care with food and drink preparation and eating, toileting and all body fluids.
  • Clothes should be washed separately from others. Patients should not have contact with small children, pregnant women or animals for a required amount of time.

Your treating doctor will advise how long you must adhere to these conditions.


Take some boiled lollies with you to hospital. This helps the salivary glands during treatment. Ask the Nurse Unit Manager before you are admitted what you are able to take with you into the room. Preparing for the stay can make a huge difference to your wellbeing whilst undergoing treatment.

Follow Up Screening

Two injections of Thyrogen are given a day apart, on the third day they receive a small dose of radioiodine. Two days later they have the Whole Body Scan WBS and Tg Test. The tests following Thyrogen are comparable to those performed after stopping thyroxine. The patient does not become hypothyroid, however some patients might experience some short-lived headaches and nausea following the Thyrogen injections.

To find out whether Thyrogen is suitable for you, please talk to your treating specialist.

NEXAVAR - Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Treatment

Please follow the link below to learn about Nexavar for Differentiated Thyroid Cancinoma.


This treatment is currently not reimbursed on the PBS for thyroid cancer (Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma).

Please discuss this treatment with your treating doctor if you think it may be suitable for you.

Make a Donation

You can help The Australian Thyroid Foundation continue to deliver support to the community by making a donation today.

Act Now

Start a Fundraiser

Interested in holding your own fundraising event? Speak to us today about how you can help support the ATF.

Act Now