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Thyroid facts

Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid Nodules are lumps in the Thyroid Gland. In most cases nodules will be benign. However 1 in 10 may be malignant (cancerous). Nodules may be either a “Single Nodule” or in clusters, often referred to as “Multi-Nodular Goitre". Thyroid Nodules may not cause symptoms, however nodules can cause pain in the throat area (thyroid gland) , thyroid gland enlargement, a cough, a hoarse voice or difficulty swallowing or breathing.

Nodules are usually unnoticeable, unless symptoms and signs develop, or the nodule(s) enlarge. They are usually soft and fleshy to feel. A Multi-Nodular Goitre is usually the result of iodine deficiency or a genetic familial disorder but may also be caused by Hashimoto’s or Graves’ Diseases.

All nodules are diagnosed by Thyroid Ultrasound. Nodules need to be monitored regularly by Thyroid Ultrasound and Thyroid Function Pathology Tests. A consultation with a Thyroid Endocrinologist to ensure changes are monitored and treatment prescribed if necessary is very important. Further tests may include regular Thyroid Ultrasounds, Fine Needle Biopsy, CT Scanning and Pathology tests.

Your Endocrinologist may refer you to an Endocrine Surgeon for further evaluation and surgery if needed.

If you have any thyroid changes or concerns, please consult your doctor to discuss and ask for a referral to a Thyroid Endocrinologist for further evaluation.

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Being aware is important, your thyroid health is essential to your wellbeing and general health, so speak to your doctor, if you have any symptoms or concerns.

If you have any questions or would like information, please email:



Phone: +61 (0) 447 834 724
(If you would like to organise a phone chat, please email to organise a time, thank you!)

Mailing Address: PO Box 7161, Norwest NSW 2153, Australia


The mission of The Australian Thyroid Foundation Ltd (ATF) is to offer support, information and education to members and their families through the many services provided by The ATF and raise awareness about health consequences of iodine deficiency and the benefits of good thyroid health.

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